The Festival of Devi Durga – A Celebration of the Power of Women
Durga Puja – the ceremonial worship of the mother goddess, is a standout amongst the most critical celebrations of India. It is the a standout amongst the most renowned celebration celebrated in West Bengal and especially in Kolkata, out of appreciation for Goddess Durga amid the time of Navaratri.
Aside from being a religious celebration for the Hindus, it is likewise an event for gathering and revival, and a festival of customary society and traditions. While the customs involves ten days of quick, devour and love, the most recent four days – Saptami, Ashtami, Navami and Dashami – are commended with much exhilaration and loftiness in India and abroad, particularly in Bengal, where the ten-equipped goddess riding the lion is loved with incredible enthusiasm and commitment.
The celebration of Durga Puja is shaded with reverential enthusiasm, fanciful legends, point by point ceremonies, indulgent pandals and superb scenes of the perfect Mother Goddess and her kids. The ten-day celebrations of Durga Puja furnish the whole gang with an opportunity to spread happy cheer and wish their friends and family peace and in addition flourishing. The nine distinct types of the Goddess of Power, Durga or Shakti, according to the Hindu religion are adored amid this time.
Amid the four days, the Puja fever holds the heart of everybody in the city paying little mind to age, rank, class or sexual orientation. The whole condition of West Bengal invites Goddess Durga and her kids, alongside the strong evil presence Mahishasura, with open arms and hearts loaded with unimaginable feelings of fellowship.
The History – Origin of Devi Durga
In Hinduism, Mother Durga speaks to the epitome of Shakti, the celestial ladylike power that oversees all enormous creation, presence and change. It is held that Durga rose up out of the aggregate energies of the greater part of the divine beings, including Shiva, Vishnu and Brahma, to vanquish the devil Mahishasura who couldn’t be crushed by any god or man.
As indicated by the Hindu Mythology, Goddess Durga rose up out of the aggregate vitality of all Gods as an encapsulation of Shakti or perfect ladylike force, to obliterate evil presence Mahishasura; who was honored as not be vanquished by any man or god. The name Durga in Sanskrit signifies ‘the impervious’; she exists in a condition of independence and in extreme force. This capable type of Mother Goddess is exceedingly venerated in Kolkata which is the reason her arrival is commended with much greatness and services.
A devil named Mahishasura, following quite a while of concentrated petitions and love, could take a help from Lord Brahma that no male human, divinity or evil presence could execute him. In this way, considering himself invulnerable, he got to be tipsy with force, changed into a powerful wild ox devil, and began smelling devastation on earth. He slaughtered numerous guiltless individuals, trailed by setting his eyes on the sky and decimating the God’s also. It was then that all the three standard divinities Lord Vishnu, Lord Shankar and Lord Brahma, alongside different gods, joined their energies and brought forth Goddess Durga. Each of her ten hands speaks to the forces she has and with them, she vanquished the evil spirit and came to be known as Mahishasura mardini.
The Days of Puja
Durga Puja alludes to all the six days saw as Mahalaya, Shashthi, Maha Saptami, Maha Ashtami, Maha Navami and Vijayadashami. Durga Puja celebration is commended from the 6th to tenth day of brilliant lunar fortnight in the Calendar month of Ashwin.
Mahalaya: The celebration of Durga Puja begins with Mahalaya, the principal period of the moon in Aswin. Thousands offer petitions to their progenitors at the city’s stream banks, a custom called Tarpan. The initiation of the Goddess symbol begins on Mahashasthi. The primary puja is for three days – Mahasaptami, Mahaastami, Mahanavami. The puja customs are long and exceptionally nitty gritty and convoluted. Three days of Mantras and Shlokas and Arati and offerings – needs a specialist cleric to do this sort of Puja.
Mahashashthi: On this day Goddess Durga lands to the mortal world from her superb residence, by her kids. She is invited with much exhibit in the midst of the beats of dhak. Revealing the substance of the symbol is the primary custom on this day.
Mahasaptami: Saptami is the primary day of Durga puja. Kola Bow or Nabapatrika is given a pre-first light shower. This is an antiquated custom of worshiping nine sorts of plants. They are as one worshiped as an image of the goddess. The principle Saptami Puja takes after Kalparambho and Mahasnan.
Mahaastami: The day started with a presentation of Sanskrit psalms in group puja pandals as a large number of lovers offered anjali to the goddess. Kumari Puja or the love of young ladies as the mother goddess has been a unique part of the customs saw in various conventional and family unit pujas. As the day wore on, it was the ideal opportunity for the essential Sandhi Puja, which denote the between connecting of the Maha Ashtami and Maha Navami.
Mahanavami: This is the closing day of Durga Puja. The primary Navami puja starts after the end of Sandhi Puja. The Navami Bhog is offered to the goddess. This is later shared as prasad by the enthusiasts.
Dashami: After the three days of Puja, in Dashami , in the most recent day, a sad goodbye is offered to the Goddess. The vast majority of the group pujas defer the goodbye to the extent that this would be possible and orchestrate a stupendous send-off. The pictures are conveyed in parades the area lastly is immersed in a close-by stream or lake. Vijaya Dashami is an occasion commended everywhere throughout the nation.
The Essentials of Durga Puja
Particular things are required for every day of Durga Puja. There is a point by point technique to worshiping Goddess Durga that is said in the sacred writings. Things which are required for the custom love of the goddess ought to be gathered heretofore so that the custom is performed easily. Goddess Durga is revered, fasting. For every day puja there are distinctive sustenance offering and water offering and even material offerings.
The first of this custom starts from “Kalparambho”. This custom performed before the beginning of the Puja and Mahasana.
This Puja requires the accompanying: Sindur (vermillion), panchabarner guri (powders of five distinct hues – turmeric, rice, kusum blooms or red aabir, rice refuse or coconut fiber smoldered for the dim shading, bel patra or powdered wood apple leaves), panchapallab (leaves of five trees – mango, pakur or a types of fig, banyan, betal and Joggodumur or fig), pancha ratna (five sorts of jewels – gold, precious stone, sapphire, ruby and pearl), panchakoshay (bark of five trees – jaam, shimul, berela, kool, bokul powdered in equivalent parcels and blended with water), green coconut with stalk, three aashonanguriuk (finger ring made of kusha).
The 6th day of Puja (Shasthi) requires the accompanying things for Puja: A pot, four bolts two ashonanguriuk, panchapallab, pancha ratna, panchashasha, panchagobbo, tekatha, dubba grass, sindur, swastik pituli, conch shell, kajol (corrilium), gorachana, yellow string, chamor, a fly-whisk made of yak’s tail utilized for fanning, earthen lights, panch pradip for arati.
The seventh day of Puja (Saptami) requires the accompanying things for Puja: Jute ropes, red string, alta, four finger rings, four yadnyopaveet, a pot, a mirror, a tekatha, sandalwood, mashkolai, hibiscus bloom, little noibeddo, one major earthen light, panchapallab, pancha ratna, panchashasha, panchaguri, vermillion, things for arati, things for the yadnya – sand, wood, dry khorke grass, cowdung, kusha grass, ghee, 108 bel leaves and a dish.
The eighth day of Puja (Ashtami) requires the accompanying things for Puja: One dantakashto, 40 or 22 finger rings made of kusha, one nosering, iron, two conch shells, a crate of vermillion, blossoms, a wreath, belpatra laurel, one chandmala, one ghoti.
The ninth day of Puja (Navami) requires the accompanying things for Puja: Flowers, 40 or 22 finger rings made of kusha, one ghoti , one nose ring, iron, two conch shells, a container of vermillion, bloom festoon, belpatra wreath, a chandmala, one plate, things required for the yadnya (shoot penance), bel leaves, present for a Brahman leading Pujas.
Durga Puja Celebrations in Other parts of India
The lively and blissful celebration of Durga Puja is praised according to the promising Hindu religious logbook, which for the most part corresponds with time between the months September to November, according to the Gregorian date-book. The celebration is praised on an excellent and all encompassing level in the Northern and Eastern conditions of India, which incorporate West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, Orissa, and Tripura. Aside from these spots, states like Delhi, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Kashmir, Karnataka and Kerala additionally praise the celebration excitedly, particularly the Bengali people group living in these areas.
Durga Puja Calendar for the Year 2016
|Mahalaya||30th September 2016||Friday|
|Panchmi||06th October 2016||Thursday|
|Shashthi||07th October 2016||Friday|
|Saptami||08th October 2016||Saturday|
|Mahaa-Ashtami||09th October 2016||Sunday|
|Mahaa-Nabami||10th October 2016||Monday|
|Dashami||11th October 2016||Tuesday|
|Lakshmi Puja||15th October 2016||Saturday|
|Kali Puja||29th October 2016||Saturday|